News Why men in their 50s should get screened for...

Why men in their 50s should get screened for prostate cancer

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Dubai – All men are at risk for prostate cancer. But the older a man is, the greater the chance for him of getting prostate cancer. This is why doctors in the UAE are advising men who are in their 50s to get screened for prostate cancer.

Prostate is a part of the male reproductive system, which includes the penis, prostate, seminal vesicles, and testicles. It is located just below the bladder and in front of the rectum. It is about the size of a walnut and surrounds the urethra. It produces fluid that makes up a part of semen.

Signs and symptoms of prostate cancer are sexual dysfunction, weakness or numbness in limbs, changes in bladder habits, frequent pain, blood in urine, difficulty starting urination, weak or interrupted flow of urine.

“Prostate cancer does not give any symptoms until it is widespread,” noted Professor Dr. Haluk Kulaksizoglu, consultant urology at Neuro Spinal Hospital Dubai, adding: “That is why all guidelines dictate a prostate cancer screening to be done for all men over the age of 50. But in some cases where there are risk factors the screening age drops down to 45.

Why early detection is important
Dr. Ahmed Hindawi, specialist urology at Saudi German Hospital Sharjah, added: “Prostate cancer is rare in men younger than 40, but the chance of having prostate cancer rises rapidly after 50. Studies also say about 6 in 10 cases of prostate cancer are found in men older than 65.”

“This is the reason why we (doctors) highly recommend screening for prostate cancer for men after the age of 50 or earlier, if other risk factors are present,” he added.

Dr. Hindawi also noted: “If you have more than one first-degree relative (father, son, or brother) who had prostate cancer, including relatives in three generations on your mother’s or father’s side of the family, then you will be at high risk of getting prostate cancer.”

Cure rate
Dr. Kulaksizoglu pointed out: “Prostate cancer diagnosis does not mean that you will die soon, even though the word ‘cancer’ carries a certain stigma. Treatment options for prostate cancer regardless of the stage, has improved significantly over the last decade. In patients in whom the cancer is diagnosed at a stage where the cancer has not grown outside of the prostate, the cure rate is almost 100 per cent with surgery or radiotherapy. Each case of prostate cancer needs tailored treatments with experienced, multidisciplinary teams.”

He added: “Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men. But it is also one of the cancers that can be cured or managed. The most important thing is to have the correct diagnosis at the right time, which is crucial for the management of the disease.”

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